Week #3 - Maus
Since MAUS talks a lot about the Jews and how they were captured and brought to different cities, I decided to learn more about the city Auschwitz, were Anja and Vladek's family members were being taken to; directly to the gas.
Auschwitz; before and now.
Auschwitz is located in the South of Poland, a city used for concentration camps and gas chambers during World War II. Auschwitz Concentration Camp was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built an operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas during World War II. Auschwitz I was the original concentration camp, while Auschwitz II-Bikenau was a combination of a concentration/extermination camp. Auschwitz III-Monowitz was a labor camp.
Auschwitz I was constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, with these prisoners arriving during May of 1940. The first extermination was in September 1941 in Auschwitz II-Birknau. From early 1942 until late 1944, trains delivered Jews to the camps Gas Chambers (picture below) from all over German (Nazi) - occupied Europe. About 1.1 million prisoners died in Auschwitz, around 90%
of them were Jewish. Most of the people who weren't killed from the gas were killed by starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions and medical experiments.
Auschwitz's gas chambers.
"Auschwitz Concentration Camp." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 9 Feb. 2014. Web. 2 Sept. 2014.